A short history of the internet
The Internet has been the main source in various fields, such as education, science, research and others, to develop, design and do many other things. It is a physical entity that depends on the physical infrastructure to connect a network to other networks. Internet concept first coined in 1962 through the network of J C R Licklider was first used as a galactic network called to connect a group of computers to access data and programs. Since then, the DARPA concept has begun to exist, and finally ARPANET, where the first host computer was connected. ARPANET was previously used as the network technology for the first e-mail messaging service. Finally, ARPANET has become the Internet that works with its network architecture in multiple independent networks. The packet switching method has also been introduced between networks that facilitate data communication from one location to another.
On October 24, 1995, the FNC passed a resolution proposing the term Internet with multiple members of the Internet and intellectual property communities. The approved resolution states that the Internet is a global information system that is logically linked by a single global address space based on IP or Internet Protocol, and supports communication over TCP or Transmission Control Protocol. It also specifies that users should have access to all services privately or publicly for communication. Since then, the network concept has changed with great evolution and technology. There were a point-to-point model, client/server and more with which you can connect personal computers to a network. Physical cables, telephone cables, network devices, LANs, WANs, and many others have also been created for the next generation of distributed worldwide networks. There are several types of connections such as cable, wireless, 2G, 3G and 4G, which generally increase the capacity of the network.
The Timeline of the Internet shows milestones, results, and great advances in Internet development in this computer world.
It was in 1962 when J.C.R Licklider coined the concept of an intergalactic computer network on the network after the ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) was created by the US government and Leonard Kleinrock introduced the packet transmission.
A typical packet-switched network was created by Donald Watts Davies at the National Physical Laboratory in the UK and revolutionized data communication in various fields. In addition, the concept of message blocks in data communication has been approved by Paul Baran of Rand Corporation, USA. UU.
It was the year in which created the first WAN or Wide Area Network that connects computer between the TX-2 computer in Massachusetts and the Q-32 in California computer through a long line. The term packet switching also exists for better data communication.
Finally, after all the proposals, funds, projects and the first change of paper packages, the proposal ARPAnet structure was written to design the structure of the network. The IMP message processor (Physical Interface) is designed to connect to four different universities, and data packets are sent between computers on the network. The first attempt was unsuccessful with the letter G of access. But on the second try, there was a positive answer.
After implementing Internet protocols and creating the first IP connectivity, the IMP network with 23 hosts is rapidly increasing. In the end, e-mail was presented by Ray Tomlinson, who can send messages over distributed networks. The package change was made by connecting 20 different computers, and the first Internet address register was created.
Now it is the age when the first TCP/IP and Ethernet protocol was invented, connecting different computer networks to communicate with each other. TCP allows users to access a remote computer and download files.
The first internet connection was made in Asia by Kilnam Chon, known as SDN and later the Internet.
The first DNS or domain name system was initiated with network addresses to recognize an organization from .com, .edu, .org, etc.
The first UNIX system was developed in Japan and the foremost e-mail was received in Germany.
The first Internet Exchange Point was established by connecting the TCP/IP networks and the first commercial and non-commercial Internet networks. It was also the year in which Daniel Karrenberg founded the first ISP or Internet Service Provider.
It’s the moment when the Internet is growing all over the world and Dr Stephen Goldstein plays an important role in the evaluation and funding of Internet development. So it helps to connect about 25 countries with NSFNET. Thus, the first WWW or World Wide Web was created by Berners-Lee and a first web browser application for Mac operating system.
This year, the World Wide Web is available for public use through the Internet, which contains much information in various areas.
The first person to surf the Internet was used by Jean Armor Polly and Internet surfing was done by Brendan Kehoe in a USENET publication. It’s also the moment when audio and video multicasting begins to exist.
The first website was launched by the White House WWW.Whitehouse.gov and then many other commercial sites were launched.
Google opened its first office in California and introduced web publishing tools
There are browsers in which Netscape and Microsoft share almost 100% of the market. Napster was introduced to the rights of music.